Proton-Coupled-Electron Transfer Enhances the Electrocatalytic Reduction of Nitrite to NO in a Bioinspired Copper Complex

Cioncoloni, Giacomo and Roger, Isolda and Wilson, Claire and Sproules, Stephen and Symes, Mark D. and Wheatley, Paul S. and Morris, Russell E. (2018) Proton-Coupled-Electron Transfer Enhances the Electrocatalytic Reduction of Nitrite to NO in a Bioinspired Copper Complex. [Data Collection]

Original publication URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.8b00361
Enlighten Publications URI: http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/161720

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The selective and efficient electrocatalytic reduction of nitrite to nitric oxide (NO) is of tremendous importance, both for the development of NO-release systems for biomedical applications and for the removal of nitrogen oxide pollutants from the environment. In nature, this transformation is mediated by (amongst others) enzymes known as the copper-containing nitrite reductases. The development of synthetic copper complexes that can reduce nitrite to NO has therefore attracted considerable interest. However, there are no studies describing the crucial role of proton-coupled-electron transfer during nitrite reduction when using such synthetic complexes. Herein, we describe the synthesis and characterization of two previously unreported Cu complexes (3 and 4) for the electrocatalytic reduction of nitrite to NO, in which the role of proton-relaying units in the secondary coordination sphere of the metal can be probed. Complex 4 bears a pendant carboxylate group in close proximity to the copper center, whilst complex 3 lacks such functionality. Our results suggest that complex 4 is twice as effective an electrocatalyst for nitrite reduction than is complex 3, and that complex 4 is the best copper-based molecular electrocatalyst for this reaction yet discovered. The differences in reactivity between 3 and 4 are probed using a range of electrochemical, spectroscopic and computational methods, which shed light on the possible catalytic mechanism of 4 and implicate the proton-relaying ability of its pendant carboxylate group in the enhanced reactivity that this complex displays. These results highlight the critical role of proton-coupled-electron transfer in the reduction of nitrite to NO and have important implications for the design of biomimetic catalysts for the selective interconversions of the nitrogen oxides.

College / School: College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry > Chemistry
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2018 11:22
Retention date: 14 March 2028
Funder's Name: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), The Royal Society (ROYSOC)
URI: http://researchdata.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/590

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Cioncoloni, Giacomo and Roger, Isolda and Wilson, Claire and Sproules, Stephen and Symes, Mark D. and Wheatley, Paul S. and Morris, Russell E. (2018); Proton-Coupled-Electron Transfer Enhances the Electrocatalytic Reduction of Nitrite to NO in a Bioinspired Copper Complex

University of Glasgow

10.5525/gla.researchdata.590

Retrieved: 2018-05-24